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Politics of Arab Aid and the African Economic Predicament in the Post-Yom Kippur War Arab Oil Boycott of 1973

Nwankwo Tony Nwaezeigwe

Article Number - 61A104DF4362C  | Vol. 2(3), pp. 30-40, November 2021  | 
 Received: 23 August 2021 |  Accepted: 9 November 2021  |   Published: 30 November 2021

Copyright © 2022 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

Abstract

After the 1967 six-day war Arab diplomacy of African involvement in the Middle East conflict increased considerably and was subsequently climaxed with the Yom Kippur (October) war of 1973 when nearly all the Black African nations broke diplomatic relations with State of Israel. Many factors, bordering mainly on oil, colonialism, Apartheid, and the readiness of the Arab States to offer financial aid to the poverty-stricken Black African nations readily accounted for Black Africa’s dramatic support for the Arabs against their Israeli ally. But among these many factors oil was seen as major deciding factor. The oil weapon which came by way of Arab boycott of petroleum supply to pro-Israel nations was not necessarily directed against the Black African nations but its effects came up heavily against the latter more than it did to the targeted nations. While the boycott adversely affected the flow of periodic Western financial aids, the expected financial aid from their new Arab allies was not forthcoming neither was the more enduring Technical Aid from Israel. This was the diplomatic predicament the Black African nations found themselves in the wake of the Arab oil boycott which the present the study seeks to explain.

 

Keywords: OAU, Arab League, Yom Kippur War, Oil, Black Africa, Aid.

 

 

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Authors

Nwankwo Tony Nwaezeigwe

Senior Research Fellow-in [email protected], Institute of African Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. E-Mail: [email protected]

 

 

 

How to Cite this Article

Nwaezeigwe, N. T. (2021). Politics of Arab Aid and the African Economic Predicament in the Post-Yom Kippur War Arab Oil Boycott of 1973. Archives of Political Science Research, 2(3), 30-40.

 

 

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