JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


Full Length Research Paper


Effect of Topographic Position on Soil Morphological and Chemical Properties in Doko, Lavun L.G.A. Niger State, Nigeria

Mohammed Tetengi*, Yakubu Muhammad, Panti Abdulwahab, Muntaka Haruna Abdulkarim, Wakawa Ali, and Isah Saba

Article Number - 628553206B1FA  | Vol. 3(3), pp. 16-23, May 2022  | 
 Received: 10 November 2021 |  Accepted: 5 February 2022  |   Published: 20 May 2022

Copyright © 2022 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

Abstract

The study investigated the variation of landforms on soil morphological and chemical properties along a toposequence at Doko in Lavun Local Government Area of Niger state. Four profile pits were excavated to represent the crest, upper slope, middle slope and lower slope positions of toposequence. Soil samples collected from identified horizons were analyzed using standard instrumentation procedures. The results showed that all the soils are deep. The crest and upper slope positions are well drained while the middle and lower slope positions had impeded drainage which is reflected in the soil colors. Particle size distribution showed that sand is the predominant particle in the surface horizons while it decreased with increasing depth, and clay increased with increasing depth while silt is irregularly distributed throughout the horizons of the profile. The soil pH ranges from moderate acidic (5.6 to 6.0) to slightly acidic (6.1 to 6.5). The soils are low in total nitrogen (TN) (>1.5) and it is irregularly distributed in horizons throughout the profile. All the horizons are low in available phosphorus (>10mg\kg) except in Ap horizons of Pedon 4 where it is high (13.6mg\kg). Exchangeable base (Ca and Mg) ranged from low to medium while K and Na ranged from medium to high. Cation exchange capacity and percent base saturation were medium to high. It was discovered that changes in land form positions associated with erosion can alter the soil properties within the soil horizon and along different slope. Thus, there is need for adequate management practices to increase the soil nutrient and productivity. 

 

Keywords: Toposequence, Soil, Morphological, Chemical properties, Lavun.

 

 

References

Alan, W. (2007). Soil Condition and Plant Growth, Longman Press Limited.

Biswas, T. (2007). A Text Book of Soil Science, Second Edition McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.

Bremnr, J. M. & Mulvaney, C. S. (1982). Nitrogen-total In: Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2, Ed A.L.P.G Miller and D.R. Keeney (eds). American Society of Agronomy. Madison WI, pp 593-624.

Day, P. R. (1965). Particle fractionation and particle size analysis. In: C.A. Black (ed), Methods of Soil Analysis. Agronomy Monogram No 9. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, WI, https://doi.org/10.2134/agronmonogr9.1.c43

Deekor, T. N., Iwara, A. I., Ogundele, F. O., Amiolemen, S. O., & Ita, A. E. (2018). Changes in Soil Properties under different land use covers in parts of Odukpani, Cross Rivers State, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Ecology 3(1), 86-99, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/jee.v3i1.2265

Egbuchua, C. N. & Ojobor, S. (2013). Characterization of some hydric soils in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria for land evaluation purposes. International Journal of Applied Biological Research 1, 77-82.

Forth, D. (2003). Fundamentals of Soil Science Eight edition Michigan State University.

Norton, E. & Smith, R. (2008). The Influence of Topography on Soil profile Character. Journal of the America Society of Agronomy, 33, 251-262, https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US201301762302

Nyle, C. (2004). Elements of the Nature and Properties of Soil. Second edition. London Press Limited.

Olson, S. R. & Sommer, L. E. (1982). Phosphorus, In: Methods of Soil Analysis. A. L. Page, R. H Miller and D.R. Keeney (eds). Maidson W.I American Society of Agronomy, pp.1572.

Soil Survey Laboratory Staff (2013). Soil Survey Laboratory methods manual. https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/soils/ref/?cid=nrcs142p2_054247          

Yetti, H., Arifin A., Mohd, N. M., Hazandy, A., Shamshuddin, J., Nik, M. M., Ika, H., Leslie, A. & Khairulmazmi, A. (2019). Comparing the fertility of Soils under Khaya ivorensis Plantation and Regenerated Degraded Secondary Forests. American Journal of Applied Sciences 8(5), 472-480, DOI: 10.3844/ajassp.2011.472.480

Wilding, L. P. (1985). Spatial variability: its documentation, accommodation and implication to Soil Surveys. In: Soil Spatial Variability (Eds D. R. Nilsen and J. Bouma). Pudoc Press, Wagningen, the Netherlands.

 

 

 

Authors

Mohammed, Tetengi1*, Yakubu, Muhammad2, Panti, Abdulwahab2, Muntaka, Haruna Abdulkarim3, Wakawa, Ali4, and Isah, Saba1

1Department of Crop Production Technology, Niger State College of Agriculture, Mokwa, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Education, Niger State College of Education, Minna, Nigeria.

3Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria, Plot 223D, Cadastral Zone B6 Mabushi Abuja, Nigeria.

4Department of Soil Science, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: [email protected]

 

 

How to Cite this Article

Mohammed, T., Yakubu, M., Panti, A., Muntaka, H. A., Wakawa, A., & Isah, S. (2022). Effect of Topographic Position on Soil Morphological and Chemical Properties in Doko, Lavun L.G.A. Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Science and Technology, 3(3), 16-23.

 

 

Full-Text (PDF)

View / Download

 Back to Articles
 Back to Journals

Abbreviation: J. Res. Sci. Technol.
ISSN:
DOI:
Start Year: 2020
Published Articles: