Full Length Research Paper

Effect of Rural-Urban Migration among the Youths and its Impacts on Agricultural Development in Kuje Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria

Elsie Medley Dokubo, Samson Olayemi Sennuga*, Alabuja Funso Omolayo, Osho-Lagunju Bankole and Tena M. Barnabas

Article Number - 643F1054B833E  | Vol. 4(2), pp. 12-27, April 2023  | 
 Received: 12 March 2023 |  Accepted: 15 April 2023  |   Published: 30 April 2023

Copyright © 2023 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.


A persistent issue in the research area is rural-urban migration. Consequently, this research aimed to determine the reasons for and effects of rural-urban migration in Kuje Area Council, Abuja. The study variables were combined using descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, mean scores, and standard deviation. The following research objectives served as the study's guiding principles: to describe the socioeconomic characteristics of young people; to pinpoint the reasons why young people move from rural to urban areas; to assess the impact of young people's rural to urban migration on agricultural development; and to assess the relationship between youth migration and agricultural production strategies to lower the rate of youth rural-urban migration. A questionnaire was given out and given to 100 rural and urban migrant youths who were randomly selected to learn about the problems. The primary data were gathered through questionnaires and interviews. Members' perceptions of rural-urban migration's causes and effects on agricultural output were considered. From the analysis, it was concluded that rural-urban migration had a significant impact on the socio-economic lives of rural people after analyzing the data gathered. Migration's effects on agriculture included a decline in household agricultural labour sources in both low- and high-migration communities, leading to a high degree of hired labor being used for farm tasks. It has been established that migration severely impacts agricultural productivity, resulting in lower income and food production. According to the findings, economic uncertainty, push, and pull factors contribute to rural-urban migration, which has detrimental effects on the study area's agricultural productivity and way of life. According to the study, efforts should be made to boost local revenue growth and the development of social facilities. The study advised that it is critical to developing desirable and cutting-edge employment prospects in places for rural residents, landless people, and underprivileged communities.


Keywords: Rural-urban, Youths, Migration, Productivity, Agricultural Development.




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Elsie Medley Dokubo1, Samson Olayemi Sennuga1*, Alabuja Funso Omolayo2, Osho-Lagunju Bankole1 and Tena M. Barnabas1

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, FCT, P.M.B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, FCT, P.M.B. 117, Abuja, Nigeria

*Corresponding author. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]



How to Cite this Article

Dokubo, E. M., Sennuga, S. O., Omolayo, A. F., Bankole, O.-L. & Barnabas, T. M. (2023). Effect of Rural-Urban Migration among the Youths and its Impacts on Agricultural Development in Kuje Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Science and Technology, 4(2), 12-27.



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